Currently, so much effort has actually been given to understanding how those accidents take place in aviation and also the other high-risk industries. Now, it is widely accepted that a lot of accidents do result from such human error. It would be very easy to conclude that such human errors exist from incompetence or carelessness but such would not be very accurate. A lot of research has actually been done on the nature as well as the mitigation of the human error and those investigators are able to find that human is the only last link in a chain leading to such accident.
You should know that human error is an important part of that human condition. You cannot prevent those accidents through changing the people but you can prevent the accidents if you are able to address such underlying causal factors. In the year 1990s, the term organizational accident was actually coined because a lot of the links in the accident chain are under the control of such organization. Because such greatest threats to safety in the high risk enterprise actually originate in the organizational issues, making such system safer will need action by the organization.
The Safety Management System is really one explicit, systematic and also comprehensive process to manage the safety risks. Just like with all of the management systems, the SMS would provide that goal setting, planning as well as measuring performance.
There should be a data-driven approach adopted in order to improve safety. This would include collecting and also making more accessible kind of data that is going to support sch proactive approach to safety. The use of the risk-based approach to resource such allocation in supporting the activities that will achieve the highest safety benefit. Moreover, there should be fostering and also strengthening of partnerships in order to put into effect such concept that the responsibility for safety is being shared by the enterprise and the regulator. Also, one should implement safety management systems in the aviation organizations. You also have to consider the human as well as the organizational factors in those safety management practices. It is also very important to communicate effectively with the community to ensure safety.
Implementing such safety management system is actually the cornerstone for the evolving opportunities for such safety improvement. All of the other directions are going to evolve in the safety management system environment. Also, the SMS are actually based on such fact that there are going to risks and hazards at all times, so such proactive management is required in order to identify and also control the threats to safety before they would cause mishaps.
It is the aviation industry that will lead such introduction of the formalized safety management systems because of the strong regulation as well as high public profile that it has but the advantages of that formalized approach to safety management systems are going to be realized by all of the high risk enterprises.